Etienne-Jules Marey

Today, our dislocated eye brings a bit of photography's relation to the time and experiences of Etienne-Jules Marey. The concern of the camera as a possibility of recording the movement had already been put into question since 1869, when the newspaper Photographic News reflected on the possibility of registering bodies in motion. The most famous experiments were those of Etienne-Jules Marey and Eadweard Muybridge, while the first was a successful commercial photographer and later began to become a scientist, the second was professor of physiology at the Collège de France and, in 1873, published the book "The Animal Machine", where his scientific analysis on animal and human locomotion illustrated by photographs is present. The French scientist saw in chronophotography a means of studying and knowing the functioning of bodies and their movement. His great contribution was to mark on a single plate the various parts of a movement. His inventions recorded ten images per second on a single plate, and this system was applied to various models in motion, from animals to the most diverse human activities as a way of understanding step by step of the movement.

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